Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Did you know that half of American adults have gum disease? Gum disease, which is called periodontal disease, is caused by bacteria that attack the tissues around the teeth. The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis, and that’s the only stage that is reversible.
If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, which results in bone loss around your teeth. As the bone tissue is lost, the gum tissues detach from the teeth and form little pockets that provide an even better place for bacteria to thrive. Without treatment, the infection will worsen and the teeth will become loose and fall out. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults over the age of 35.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
You may have periodontal disease and not even know it. Many people have no symptoms until it’s in advanced stages. Other people may notice:
Bleeding gums: Bleeding when you’re flossing or brushing is never normal. Any bleeding should be considered a warning sign of gum disease and you should see a dentist.
Bad breath: It’s very easy for plaque to collect in the spaces between your teeth, creating the perfect living conditions for bacteria that produce sulfur-containing compounds, resulting in bad breath.
Redness, puffiness or swelling of the gums: Inflammation is usually one of the first visible signs of infection.
Receding gums: If you notice that your teeth look longer than they used to, it may be that your gum tissue has receded, exposing some of your tooth roots.
Sensitivity: If there is gum recession, the exposed roots may become sensitive to hot or cold.
Loose teeth: When gum disease leads to bone loss, the teeth can become loose.
Periodontal Disease Treatment
Gum disease, like diabetes, is a systemic disease. Once it has advanced beyond gingivitis, it can be managed, but not reversed. Fortunately, our dentists have a number of ways to manage gum disease to keep it from getting worse. These will include a cleaning technique known as scaling, root planing or debridement to remove the plaque and bacteria from beneath the gum line. Your dentist may also recommend antibiotics or laser therapy to eliminate the infection. If needed, your general dentist may recommend you see a gum specialist called a periodontist to discuss surgical and non-surgical treatment options.
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to brush and floss your teeth effectively every day. Regular dental checkups and professional cleanings every 3 or 4 or 6 months are also an important part of maintaining periodontal health; our team can reach areas that your toothbrush and floss can’t.
The first step is to get the clinical treatment you need to treat the infection. Call Coast Dental today at 1-800-32-SMILE.
Understanding Gum (Periodontal) Disease Have your gums ever bled when you brushed or flossed? This most commonly overlooked simple sign may be the start of a silent progressive disease leading to tooth loss. Learn what you can do to prevent this problem and keep your teeth for life... Read Article
The Link Between Heart & Gum Diseases Inflammation has emerged as a factor in the process of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which commonly results in heart attacks and strokes. While the precise role inflammation plays in causing chronic CVD remains an area of intense investigation, much more is now known. The good news is that, based on current research, we know that if we can reduce the inflammation caused by periodontal disease, we may reduce the risk for heart attacks and strokes... Read Article
Periodontal Plastic Surgery Millions of Americans have some degree of gum recession — a loss of the tough, pink tissue that surrounds teeth. Receding gums can cause anything from minor tooth sensitivity to tooth loss in very severe cases. Fortunately, the field of periodontal plastic surgery has made enormous strides in devising techniques, including grafting, to deal with the problem of lost or damaged gum tissue... Read Article
Pregnancy & Oral Health Pregnancy is generally thought of as the time when a woman strives to be particularly aware of the need for better health. Many women, though, may not be aware of the link that exists between their oral health and their systemic (general) health, as well as the impact this can have on a developing child. Learn about how to care for yourself and your baby... Read Article